Part I of IV
Forget Mastery, It's A Practice
Time management is a time-honored practice. But time can't actually be managed. It's a fixed resource, portioned out in exact and specific amounts to each individual at exactly the same pace. You can't speed it up or slow it down, or add to or take away from it. No one can give you theirs.
Why Do I Need To Manage My Time Better?
It's when you run out of time, that you may think "Hm, maybe I can manage it better?"
Or when you are exhausted you may think, "This shouldn't have taken so much effort and time."
Or when you are waiting in delay, or finding you must do the same task repeatedly; looking for the same orders or checking for test results multiple times until they show up; have the same conversation multiple times with the same or a host of different people who each must be tracked down and hounded; redo the same work again, often with the same people. And you may think, "This isn't a good use of my time."
Or maybe you resign yourself to : "Welcome to Emergency Medicine."
Or when your subordinates or colleagues let you know things in your area aren't ideal, you may ask yourself, "Why is it that things seem so smooth for me up here but not so smooth for everyone else who reports to me?"
Or when, with staffing turnover and shortages, you see that the lack of experience is creating more problems, problems that had been fixed long ago and now the team needs to be rebuilt...And you realize in a flash, "that's on the leader. That's on me.... That isn't on the director or manager below. It isn't on the system President above...It's on me" at whatever level you are at.
And you may conclude: "Where will I find the time?..."
"There Must Be A Better Way to do this. What Am I Missing?"
When the Student is Ready, the Teacher Appears
OK, you're now ready to learn more about executive time management.
Time management is a misnomer, but a good practice, because you are mastering the art of managing your own activities within identified time allotments. That includes a strategy you build to reach specific objective goals you list: aligned to the organization, our patients, the community and the economics of care.
You are a Grain of Sand on the Beach of Patient Care
Time management starts with the grudging acceptance that you can only control your own behavior, and that behavior may have had mixed outcomes. It is an acknowledgement that you are just a part of a larger system and that system controls much of your day.
From understanding and Balance flows Efficient and Effective Action
The journey to better time management begins with the desire and possibility that maybe there is something different you can do within your available time, something more, that you are not doing today which, tomorrow, will save you multiples of time and produce better outcomes.
Don't Just Stand There. Do Nothing.
And you may realize there are some things that you automatically do, reflexively do, thinking you are taking charge, but actually don't need to do, and by doing you are actually burdening the flow of care.
Your own activity might just be getting in the way.
By not doing those things, or just not quite so much, and just watching and encouraging, seeing what others are doing and encouraging that, more will get done.
The more aware you are, the more control you can have. The more reactive, unconscious and emotional you are, the less awareness and control you can have.
Time tracking is Management Mindfulness: observing what you actually do in the moment, the reaction among others, the environment, and objectively recording it...It's Time Management Zen
You may think that much of your day may require responding to unplanned events and demands, leaving you no available time.
But as you observe yourself dispassionately in the moment, and record honestly, you will find...
A. "Some of these things could have been avoided had I done X earlier."
B . "Wow, I'm waiting. Patient isn't ready yet, exec is late....I can do something with this delay: Review my tasks for today; see how the patient's family is doing with home placement; confirm availability with the nurse for my next patient."
C. "Hm. The hour I planned got interrupted but I still have 30 minutes to do part of what I had planned!"
D. "She is actually waiting for me, she is another partner in this, another potential pair of hands, waiting. I'm wasting her time in trying to do this other thing and not communicating, educating and aligning her participation right now...And with that, now we could have two pair of hands, four pair of hands, six pair of hands working on this right now. Instead of just my pair of hands working on something else that can wait, and no one working on the care that is waiting."
You learn to appreciate the half-full glass and take a drink.
Zen See / Zen Do
This is why a scientific approach, first and foremost, to observing and tracking your time usage dispassionately and honestly, is the first step to growing awareness. Analyzing that, you may find where you can actually try something different. And that idea may just pop into your head as you are observing and recording.
That 'something different' that you can control will be a small thing, a tiny change, a new idea, an outreach to a colleague, a question that can be answered right now from the people you are with. No prep required. No waste.
Spontaneous behavior from a prepared mind, seeing opportunity and having objectives already in mind, has no other prep time, no waste, no planning or scheduling required. It is the most efficient use of time, the highest level of vigilance. Spontaneous, balanced response rather than thoughtless reaction, is more efficient than good planned and scheduled work. However, it generally happens as a significant byproduct of good planned and scheduled work.
That small change could just be remembering to stop and look at where you are and what is happening and record that. Or your new change could be to stop and look at what you are trying to do, your to-do list, when you find you can't do anything else. All of these prepare you to see and move on the opportunity for behavior change. The less re-active you are, the more responsive you will be.
Now interruptions, delays, questions and complaints aren't sources of frustration and anger. They are sources of observation, information, creativity, and instant improvement in service.
Building The Plan / Understanding Reality Better
When you understand reality better, as a good observant scientist, you see both constraints and opportunity.
Zen Thought - Zen Plan
Thinking about what you see and understand, a plan emerges naturally as next steps.
Putting a plan together with the limited wiggle space you have, given the duties and tasks you are obliged to fulfill on demand is a creative process. That includes having the time to put the plan together, making sure the plan aligns with your goals and mission, and that of your colleagues, superiors and organization. You will see that this becomes a stream-of-consciousness activity, and the plan emerges of itself as you consider what is and what it can and should be.
It's Not Going To Get Done Today
The Zen of No Time
If you find you aren't getting everything done you want to, that is the Zen of No Time. That's where you always want to be, to have a vision of what needs doing, and then the reality that is always more complicated. This is where prioritization comes in, so that you get something done.
Zen Prioritization...It May Not Happen
There is no point in prioritization as long as you are operating under the illusion that everything will get done.
Much more than your list is already getting done, and not everything on your list will get done.
If it really is a list of what really needs to happen, not everything you envision for today will happen. You aren't the only one with a list. It's a balance among a lot of people, some visible and some you may not know, often with a fulcrum outside your point of view.
If you find you are getting everything done on your list, it's too short. You left something important out. But that's OK, it'll come to you as you give a little time to think of your list now and then. Doing more is not actually the point. Doing the right things is.
The Zen of Life is Always Full
If you assiduously attempt to keep your list short and limited to what only you can do, to avoid being overwhelmed; if you attempt to fill a ten pound bag of time with only five pounds of activity, that isn't Zen. You will constrain your connection, influence and responsibility, and create a silo that will burden others who must now make up the gap, or worse, patient delay that is used to make up the gap. All ten pounds will actually be filled. But if you can prioritize what to expect today, and keep that real, knowing what you can't plan for, then that's progress. Then you use the time, whether planned or unplanned, in a better balance.
Zen Pebble / Zen Pond
Why more on your list than you can do? You are staying connected to all the things on your mind, connected to all the people, patients, colleagues your thoughts are connected with, knowing that, like a swim in the pool, you won't cover every cubic inch of the water, but you may create the waves and ripples that, gently, do. Your list is your reflection, of you, of your place, in action, in your environment. That's always going to be larger than any given moment of time.
Others may get done the things on your list. As you review and update your list through the day and days ahead you will realize that your list is more than you, a living snapshot of something that is fluid, alive, and involves many more people.
You are always part of something larger than yourself. You are a member of something larger. You are here to help others by doing and through doing. Your activity is part of a collaboration with others. Your To-Do list should reflect this, if it is realistic. In healthcare, this is simply reality.
Zen Now Zen Nature
Zen Nature Zen Plan
Just as you observed your actions dispassionately, as a scientist, observe your own thinking as you plan, and when frustrations arise, recalling past failed efforts to change things, note that with equal dispassion. It is just one more passing thought.
The right plan will emerge in time and that experience will be part of it. The plan might not fit into today, or tomorrow. But if you can keep that focus, it will become in its time. Let it come through you and your colleagues as discretionary, not demand.
Zen Plan / Zen Strategy
All plans are strategic if they are made with a larger awareness of the organization's objectives, and align patient, community and hospital.
Zen Flow No Force
Plans don't become reality by force but by flow. Where there is force, flow is impeded.
No Blame No Credit No Distractions
In this environment where all are focused on their patients, their own behavior, objectives and plan, working together, this fills our attention.
In Physical Medicine Outpatient work, for example, out of an eight hour day, there are usually one or more patient cancellations, no shows or reschedules that open up some time for discretionary work you can do on a project, or reaching out to a colleague to ask for information or propose a new idea. Ah the beauty of instant messenger, email and your portable tablet, laptop or phone!
Having today's list of things you would like to do simply prepares your brain to bring up those those things when time becomes available.
Zen Moment in the Now, in the Center With Patients,
And with Colleagues, in the Defined Moment and Place
Having your own clearly detailed priorities for discretionary time, you may choose to schedule other colleague requests for non-patient activity and discussion appropriately around those priorities.
You begin to prioritize what actually needs to happen now from what can be scheduled for later. Both activities benefit from doing so.
Zen Moment Zen Plan
Demand Time and Discretionary Time
Work activities come in many flavors, and two of these are demand vs discretionary. Demand activities must be completed now or by the deadline they are schedule for. Discretionary activities are those that don't need to be done now. They may need doing soon. They don't need to interrupt the flow of care demand. They can be scheduled for a later time today or this week.
Zen Flow, Zen Ripples
When you are interrupted you must stop, put down what you were doing, alter thinking, listen, process and respond, prepare, deliver service, digest, then pick up where you left off.
Work that is driven by interruption is often half as efficient. That means it requires at least twice as much of your time to complete the same task as if it were scheduled and planned.
Interruptions take you out of the care Zen moment, distract your attention, and reduce vigilance. And those interruptions add delay to all the patients you are going to see today. A five minute delay adds five minutes to all 5 patients waiting for you, or 25 minutes of delay total. But what you don't see is the effect on your functioning after the interruption ends. You must remember, pick up the pieces, reset your mind and activity, and ramp your pace back up again. What was a 5 minute interruption becomes a net loss of 10 minutes of functional performance, and possibly vigilance of short term memory lost and unrecoverable. What you don't remember you can do nothing about.
Therefore that 10 minutes now translates to 50 minutes added to your 5 waiting patients total, plus whatever you forgot that goes undone. But as it is only 5 minutes of your perceived time, your view becomes a separate perspective from the situation of your patients.
You may prioritize that 5 minutes as reasonable. But had you known you were adding 50 minutes total delay and a short list of forgotten activities, you might have seen things differently.
Once you reacted blindly as if each request for your time were an immediate patient demand, even when it interrupted waiting patients. But now you see it differently.
Feng Shui Your House of Time
Putting activities In their proper priority and placement
If it isn't patient flow work, the key question is: "Do you need this right now, or can we schedule time for later? I'll be better able to give you more time, and to prepare a better answer also.... What looks good for you this afternoon? Tomorrow Afternoon...In two days...? "
Be a Satori moment of balance and understanding in the flow of action
Be willing to actually schedule time on your phone calendar instantly, in that moment with your colleague. Yes, take 2 minutes instead of 5. Save 3, and eliminate 30 minutes of functional service delay to your patients.
Perfect Immediate Action Flows from Balance and Creates Balanced Patient Flow
By scheduling immediately, you are giving your colleague something far more important. They won't have to worry about when their question will be answered. It's scheduled. You are making that moment work in the flow, rather than break your flow. You are teaching them. And now they can stop and think, plan and prepare to meet you at the agreed and trusted time later. And you can do the same. That will help you both make better use of time. You are teaching them about discretionary work as a very important thing, worthy of scheduled time and preparation, but a lesser priority to patient demand work. Doing this, you perform both with less interruption, greater efficiency.
Zen Calendar, Satori Calendar
Now you offer to schedule discussion time later today or tomorrow, or the next day, so that you can make progress on your own priorities and plan to add greater value to the scheduled discussion. You use your calendar actively. Your calendar reflects your values, including time for preparation. It is a whole, a Satori moment.
You are in control, or more precisely, you are responding functionally to reality and not reacting to it, no longer pushed to perform under unnecessary pressure that can affect your judgement and what you deliver.
"Lack of Planning On Your Part Should Not Be An Emergency On My Part"
-Handwritten sign on the door of a Radiology Manager
Then, you also can prepare for the requested discussion and improve the use of that time. Maybe there is something you also need from that person? Now you can prepare your thoughts. And prepare to supply a broader, more robust answer that can be more helpful and reduce call-backs and questions.
The paradox here is that planning the discussion just a little later and preparing for it produces a better outcome that saves elapsed time by reducing churn. Patient Length of Stay is shorter when meetings are planned, thoughtful and productive.
While instant messaging is very helpful, its primary purpose should be saved for patient-flow real-time demand work. It's a powerful tool to save time and reduce waste for that purpose only.
Scheduling off-line discussion for discretionary work also helps you stay focused on the actual line work and its timely delivery.
Zen Change Happens
Just doing the above changes the way care is delivered and the way caregivers and management work together. It is itself a more efficient process of doing and management. And that leads to new insights and better processes.
Zen Gaps > Zen Learning
Once you realize what can be done, it is natural to ask yourself, "Do I have the skills?" and if not, then fill the gap by scheduling time to learn. Make the road smoother for everyone through your own ongoing education and training.
Zen See > Zen Learn
You may also be aware now of the skills your colleagues are applying every day. This happens when you are not entirely absorbed in trying to do the smallest things, or being divided and distracted by endless interruptions.
Observing and recording, being in an observer role, you can see what you didn't see before, the quality of service your colleagues are delivering.
Understanding their skills, observing and seeing their work objectively now, you can also learn some of it from them. It happens naturally.
Zen Leadership / Zen Teams..Becoming One
And as a manager, director or executive, you can facilitate knowledge transfer just by acknowledging the specific behaviors you see and buddying people up so they can learn from their peers.
This is why every level of management needs to walk the floor and watch the work every week.
Zen of Leadership:
If not now, when?
If not you, who else?
In times of higher staff turnover, early retirement, consolidation and change, this is doubly necessary.
At exactly the time senior executives would rather hole up in an executive cave making executive decisions and delegating all responsibility for operational management to subordinates, they must force themselves to do something in addition: rounding at least weekly on the front line, observing, acknowledging high performance as it happens, engaging, listening, responding and facilitating. This is the core of team-building. This is the sewing that weaves all the layers together.
Zen Do is Zen Belief
What The C-Suite Physically, Visibly Attends To Becomes the Value of the Hospital and Health System, Not What the C-Suite Says (unless they also, personally attend to that)
This is also the demand work of management, even senior management. Just as is a board meeting, a meeting to negotiate mergers and alliances, a press conference, a meeting with local employers, or a meeting with Physician leaders to work on their contract.
The primary demand work of the C-Suite is rounding on the floor of the front-line worker: purposeful, transparent rounding and engagement, each executive by themselves.
These are basic requirements to function error-free in times of change; to accelerate recovery, capacity, growth, engagement, excellence, patient experience and revenue.
Zen Leader Zen Student
When you go, know what you are looking for, and know how to respond when you see it. And if you don't, just go observe with an open mind. If you don't understand what you are looking at, ask. And if you think you do understand, take a step back and ask anyway. This is one function of every member of management that cannot be delegated to anyone else.
Zen Seed Zen Forest
Daily observation, acknowledgement, response and facilitation by the senior executives and all levels of management rounding at the front line immediately improves the efficiency and effectiveness of everyone else, and sustains that performance.
It's not a matter of "Now they are watching, I better pay closer attention".
It is a matter of "They clearly value this work. This executive really loves to watch great care being given, and that validates my devotion to the work also."
This form of executive time management, making other's time more efficient and effective by attending to their work, acknowledging their performance, may require new skills and a learning curve, which generally requires more effort, patience and willingness to make course corrections along the way. This is an investment that yields tremendous returns.
But it isn't just the Senior Executive that can take a moment to see and acknowledge good work. Everyone can and should do this. If you can observe yourself, try taking a look at your colleague.
When the leader does it, when that is their routine, everyone else begins to follow that model without ever having to be asked.
Questions? Reach out to Dirk or Spence
Next Section, Part II, Time Mgmt Tools and Analysis on the way...